Prevalence and selected determinants of the risk of problem gambling among Polish secondary school students
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Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Social Science, John Paul II Catholic University, Lublin, Poland
Institute of Rural Heath, Lublin, Poland
Chair and Department of Public Health, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
Chair of Public Health, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
Department of Administrative Procedure, Faculty of Law and Administration, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland
Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Centre for Preclinical Research and Technology (CePT) Medical University, Warsaw, Poland
Marzena Furtak-Niczyporuk   

Chair and Department of Public Health Medical University of Lublin, Chodźki 1, 20-093, Lublin, Poland
The study had two aims. The first was to determine the prevalence of various types of gambling behaviour and the severity of gambling among secondary school students in one of the poorest provinces in Poland. The second was to identify correlations between selected socio-demographic variables and the severity of gambling problems.

Material and methods:
The study was carried out on a group of teenagers from secondary schools in the Lublin Province of eastern Poland. The survey covered 923 respondents aged 17 – 21 (M=18.06; SD=0.367). The study used a list of gambling activities, the South Oaks Gambling Screen-Revised Adolescent (SOGS-RA), and a socio-demographic questionnaire. The effects of independent variables on the severity of gambling behaviour were evaluated using the Mann–Whitney U test (for binary variables, such as gender or age group) and Kruskal–Wallis one-way ANOVA for ternary variables (e.g., place of residence, type of school).

Results and Conclusions:
The findings show that in the studied population 7.2% were pathological gamblers and 41.8% had not gambled during the 12 months prior to the study. These findings are consistent with the literature. There seems to be a clear trend in which pathological gambling is found most frequently among technical secondary school students, and least frequently among those from secondary schools of general education. In addition, persons who had lived (until the age of 10) in rural areas scored the lowest in SOGS-RA, while those from cities below 50,000 residents, scored the highest. In families with a gambling member, pathological gambling was found 1.7 times more frequently.

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