Mycobacterium caprae – the first case of the human infection in Poland
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Department of Microbiology, National Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Institute (NTLD), Warsaw, Poland
Department of Microbiology, National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Puławy, Poland
Monika Kozińska   

Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Institute, Płocka 26, 01-138, Warsaw, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2020;27(1):151–153
The strain of tuberculous mycobacteria called Mycobacterium caprae infects many wild and domestic animals; however, because of its zoonotic potential and possibility of transmission between animals and humans, it poses a serious threat to public health. Due to diagnostic limitations regarding identification of MTB strains available data regarding the incidence of M. caprae, human infection does not reflect the actual size of the problem. Despite the fact that the possible routes of tuberculosis transmission are known, the epidemiological map of this zoonosis remains underestimated. The progress in diagnostic techniques, application of advanced methods of mycobacterium genome differentiation and cooperation between scientists in the field of veterinary medicine and microbiology, have a profound meaning for understanding the phenomenon of bovine tuberculosis and its supervise its incidence. This is the first bacteriologically confirmed case of human infection of M. caprae in Poland.
The study was undertaken as part of the fin project sponsored by the Jakub Hr. Potocki Foundation, and as a part of the statutory activity of the Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (Research Task No. 1.27). The research was financed from the statutory funds of the National Veterinary Research Institute in Pulawy, Task No. S/340.
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