RESEARCH PAPER
Human health cost of hydrogen sulfide air pollution from an oil and gas Field
 
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Kazakh National Medical University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Dinara Kenessary   

Kazakh National Medical University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017;24(2):213–216
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and objective:
The Karachaganak oil and gas condensate field (KOGCF), one of the largest in the world, located in the Republic of Kazakhstan (RoK) in Central Asia, is surrounded by 10 settlements with a total population of 9,000 people. Approximately73% of this population constantly mention a specific odour of rotten eggs in the air, typical for hydrogen sulfide (H2S) emissions, and the occurrence of low-level concentrations of hydrogen sulfide around certain industrial installations (esp. oil refineries) is a well known fact. Therefore, this study aimed at determining the impact on human health and the economic damage to the country due to H2S emissions.

Material and Methods:
Dose-response dependency between H2S concentrations in the air and cardiovascular morbidity using multiple regression analysis was applied. Economic damage from morbidity was derived with a newly-developed method, with Kazakhstani peculiarities taken into account.

Results:
Hydrogen sulfide air pollution due to the KOGCF activity costs the state almost $60,000 per year. Moreover, this is the reason for a more than 40% rise incardiovascular morbidity in the region.

Conclusions:
The reduction of hydrogen sulfide emissions into the air is recommended, as well as successive constant ambient air monitoring in future. Economic damage evaluation should be made mandatory, on a legal basis, whenever an industrial facility operation results in associated air pollution.

 
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