RESEARCH PAPER
Health beliefs and sense of one’s own efficacy and prophylaxis of osteoporosis in peri- and post-menopausal women
 
More details
Hide details
1
The Chair of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mariola Janiszewska   

The Chair of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2016;23(1):167–173
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and objective:
Osteoporosis constitutes one of the relevant health, social and economic problems of the contemporary world which concerns 200 million women, of whom about 20–25% will experience a bone fracture. The aim of the study was to learn about the health beliefs and sense of self-efficacy in peri- and post-menopausal women regarding the prevention of osteoporosis.

Material and Methods:
A group of 300 randomly chosen women aged 45–65 who were patients of healthcare centres in Chełm, Lublin, and the surroundings of Zamość (eastern Poland), was examined. Own Health Beliefs Scale (OHBS) associated with Osteoporosis and Own Efficacy Evaluation Scale (OSES) were used for the study. The obtained material was subjected to descriptive and statistical analysis. Tukey test, t-student test and variance analysis (ANOVA) were all applied. A P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results were analysed using the SPSS version 19 software package.

Results and conclusions:
It was stated that respondents had thought that osteoporosis is an averagely serious health problem, and they did not feel peculiarly exposed to falling ill with the disease. They attached great significance to the benefits of physical activity and correct nutrition. The perception of barriers to calcium intake and everyday exercise was moderate. Health motivation remained at the average level. Socio-demographic conditions influenced the respondents’ health beliefs in a statistically significant way. Sense of self-efficacy from the aspect of taking possible action preventing osteoporosis remained on the average level; in addition, respondents more often declared the desire for a change in eating habits than resorting to physical activity.

 
REFERENCES (12)
1.
Grywalska E, Grafka A, Putowski L, Łopucki M, Roliński J. Komórki macierzyste w leczeniu złamań towarzyszących osteoporozie-medyczne science fiction czy metoda terapii w przyszłości? Prz Menopauz. 2011; 5: 378–382.
 
2.
Marcinowska – Suchowierska E. Osteoporoza jako problem społeczny. W: Marcinowska – Suchowierska E. (red.): Osteoporoza. Wyd. Lekarskie. PZWL, 2004: 15–17.
 
3.
Gmiński J. Znaczenie postępowania leczniczego w leczeniu osteoporozy dla jakości życia kobiet w wieku menopauzalnym. Prz Menopauz. 2002; 1: 53–59.
 
4.
Roczniak W, Babuśka – Roczniak M, Roczniak A. Diagnostyka i farmakoterapia osteoporozy. Lekarz 2010; 12: 14–22.
 
5.
Mc Leod K, Johnson C. A systematic review of osteoporosis health beliefs in adult men and women. J Osteoporos. 2011; 2011: 17–27.
 
6.
Kim KK, Horan ML, Gendler P. Osteoporosis Knowledge Test, Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale, and Osteoporosis Self-efficacy Scale. Allendale: MI: Grand Valley State University; 1991a.
 
7.
Horan ML, Kim KK, Gendler P, Froman RD, Patel MD. Development and evaluation of the Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale. Res Nurs Health. 1998;21 (5): 395–403.
 
8.
Miazgowski T. Prospektywna ocena częstości występowania osteoporotycznych złamań kręgów w losowo wybranej próbce populacyjnej. Endokrynol Pol. 2005; 2 (56): 154–159.
 
9.
Męczkalski B, Czyżyk A. Konwencjonalna hormonalna terapia zastępcza w leczeniu osteoporozy. Pol Merkuriusz Lek. 2009; XXVII, 157: 72–76.
 
10.
Hsieh Ch, Novielli K, Diamond J, Cheruva D. Health beliefs and attitudes toward the prevention of osteoporosis in older women. Menopause 2001; 8: 372–376.
 
11.
Von Hurst P, Wham C. Attitudes and knowledge about osteoporosis risk prevention: a survey of New Zealand women. Public Health Nutr. 2007; 10 (7): 747–753.
 
12.
Townsend Edmonds E. Osteoporosis, beliefs and behaviors of college students: utilization of the health belief model. Tuscaloosa, Alabama 2009: 1–168. http://acumen.lib.ua.edu/cocte... (access 7.09. 2012).
 
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966