RESEARCH PAPER
Anti-vaccine movements – a form of social activity for health care, ignorance or diversion aimed at destabilizing the health situation? Part 1. Epidemiological safety. Vaccinations – pros and cons
 
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1
Department of Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology with Endocrine – Metabolic Laboratory, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
2
Chair and Department of Epidemiology and Clinical Research Methodology. Medical University, Lublin, Poland
3
Institute of Rural Heath, Lublin, Poland
4
Chair and Department of Conservative Dentistry with Endodonthic, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
5
Medical Institute, Jan Grodek State University, Sanok, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Witold Piotr Kołłątaj   

Department of Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology. Medical University, Lublin, Gębali 6, 20-093, Lublin, Poland
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Vaccinations are a way accepted by science of preventing infectious diseases. Because of their epidemiological significance, vaccinations are considered compulsory in many countries and their evasion is penalized. Anti-vaccine movements may pose a threat to the epidemiological situation in many countries. The study presents the arguments formulated by opponents of vaccination and provides counter-arguments.

Material and methods:
The study is based on the analysis of data stored in scientific databases, information obtained from Google, Bing and Yahoo on the Internet, as well as newspapers, magazines and opinion-forming websites.

Results:
The slogans propagated by anti-vaccination movements are usually based on easily proven erroneous theories and lies, although there are also arguments expressing belief in the conspiracy of governments, politicians and vaccine manufacturers, or incompetence of scientists and practitioners.

Conclusions:
In recent years in Poland, the activity of movements against vaccination has increased significantly, and their propaganda, through its negative impact on social attitudes, threatens to destabilize the epidemiological situation. Analysis of arguments used by the opponents of vaccination suggests a lack of reliable knowledge, religious overtones (addressed to people with fundamentalist personalities), or the ill-will attitudes of anti-vaccine individuals/groups used for their own purposes. Familiarization with the arguments of anti-vaccine propaganda is necessary in order to implement effective methods of fighting such attitudes and beliefs.

 
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