In Poland, approximately 1.9% of the general population is infected with Chronic hepatitis C (HCV), which develops in about 70–80% of infected patients who require constant care from family physicians.

The aim of the study was to define the kinds of expectations of patients with chronic HCV from family physicians.

Material and methods:
The study included 220 patients with HCV, and was conducted using a dignostic survey, the Patient Request Form (PRF) and an author-constructed questionnaire.

The respondents most often expected from a family physician, an explanation of the disease (9.67 scores), and obtaining information concerning examinations and treatment (9.65 scores), while to a lesser degree, emotional support (6.92 scores). Respondents with higher education to a significantly higher degree expected an explanation of the essence of the disease. Patients who were inactive occupationally significantly more frequently expected emotional support and information concerning examinations and treatment. Respondents who considered themselves disabled due to HCV, to a significantly higher degree expected emotional support and information concerning examinations and treatment. The remaining variables: age, gender, place of residence, marital status, self-reported state of health and ordered, diet had no significant effect on the expectations of patients with chronic hepatitis C from family physicians.

Patients with HCV, to the highest degree expected an explanation of the disease and information concerning examinations and treatment, and to a lower degree – emotional support during consultations.

Mohamoud Y, Mumtaz GR, Riome S, et al. The epidemiology of hepatitis C virus infection in Egypt: a systematic review and data synthesis. BMC Infect Dis. 2013;13:288.
Mei X, Lu H. Prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of hepatitis C in Mainland China. Glob Health Med. 2022;3(5):270–275.
Kamili S, Drobeniuc J, Araujo AC, et al. Laboratory diagnostics for hepatitis C virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;55(1):43–48.
Saadi T, Khoury J. Is there a relationship between treatment with direct antiviral agents for HCV infection and the development of malignancies? J Clin Gastroenterol. 2018;52(4):353–359.
Dunvan JD, Urbanowicz RA, Tarra AW, et al. Hepatitis C virus vaccine design: focus on the humoral. Vaccines. 2020;8(1):E90. 8010090.
Yang JD, Roberts LR. Hepatocellular carcinoma: a global view. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010;7(8):448–458.
Halota W, Flisiak R, Juszczyk J, editor. Rekomendacje Polskiej Grupy Ekspertów HCV dotyczące leczenia wirusowych zapaleń wątroby typu C w roku 2018. Hepatol. 2018;18:1–9.
Sierpińska L, Jaworski S. Hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic hepatitis C – case study. J Educ Health Sport. 2022;12(3):229–237.
Zakrzewska K, Stępień M, Rosińska M. Hepatitis C (hepatitis C) in Poland in 2017. Epidemiol Rev. 2019;73(2):167–178.
Sakem S, Madaliński K, Nydegger U, et al. Hepatitis C virus epidemiology and prevention in Polish and Swiss population – similar and contrasting experiences. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2016;23(3):425–431.
Garozzo A, Falzone L, Rapisarda V, et al. The risk of HCV infection among health-care workers and its association with extrahepatic manifestations (Review). Mol Med Rep. 2017;15:3336–3339.
Sierpińska L. Risk of hepatitis C virus infection among health care workers in their occupational practice. J Educ Health Sport. 2017;7(8):150–161.
Omar HGA, Qayed MH, Khalek EMA, et al. Egyptian J Comm Med. 2022;40(3):156–163.
Atław D, Sahiledengle B, Tariku Z. Hepatitis B and C virus infection among healthcare workers in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Environ Health Prev Med. 2021;26(1):2861.
Halota W, Flisiak R, Juszczyk J, et al. Recommendations by Polish Group of Experts for HCV for the treatment of viral hepatitis C in 2018. Hepatol. 2018;18:1–9.
Rhodes MA, Humphrey M. Implementation of a hepatitis C treatment program into a primary care residency linic. PRiMER. 2021;5:1.
Lee MH. Risk of hepatocellular carcinoma for patients treated with direct-acting antivirals: steps after hepatitis C virus eradication to achieve elimination. Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2018;3:15.
Juczyński Z. Measurement tools in health promotion and psychology. Warsaw: Eds Psychological Test Laboratory of the PPA; 2001, PL. pp. 143–148.
Cardoso H, Silva M. Health-Related Quality of Life in Chronic Hepatitis C. GE Port. 2017;24(2):55–57.
Cossais S, Schwarzinger M, Pola S, et al. Quality of life in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection: Severe comorbidities and disease perception matter more than liver-disease stage, PLoS One 2019;14(5):article e0215596.
Robaszkiewicz-Bouakaz R, Gawrońska K, Jurczak A, et al. Outpatient care expectations health among people deprived of liberty. Med Health Sci Rev. 2015;1(1):27–33.
Strzelecka A, Nowak-Staż G, Karakiewicz B. Expectations of patients towards a primary care physician, related to the reason for the current visit, with particular emphasis on patients aged 65+. Fam Med Primary Care Rev. 2015;17(3):2015–2018.
Wierzbińska-Karakuła S, Binkowska-Bury M, Burzyńska J, et al. Respecting the rights and patient expectations as a part of the quality of health services in the Podkarpacie primary health care units. Med Rev. 2015;1:19–30.
Humeniuk E, Pawlikowska-Łagód K, Dąbska O, et al. Expectations of patients from eastern Poland relative to the primary health care doctors. Polish Nursing. 2018;2(68):158–164.
Cardoso H, Silva M. Health-related quality of life in chronic hepatitis C. GE Port J Gastroenterol. 2017;24(2):55–57.
Barreira DP, Marinho RT, Bicho R, et al. Ouakinin SRS. Psychosocial and neurocognitive factors associated with hepatitis C – implications for future health and wellbeing. Front Psychol. 2018;9(2666):1–6. 2018.02666.
Wołosewicz I, Kupcewicz E, Szypulska A, et al. Patients’ expectations towards a doctor and a nurse in primary health care. Entrepreneurship and Management. 2013;XIV(10):293–322.
Rotter I, Stańczak K, Laszczyńska M, et al. Expectations of emotional support of primary care patients depending on selected demographic factors. Fam Med Primary Care Rev. 2013;15(3):381–3.
Faccioli J. Nardelli S, Gioia S, et al. Nutrition Assessment and Management in Patients with Cirrhosis and Cognitive Impairment: A Comprehensive Review of Literature. J Clin Med. 2022;11(10):2842.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top