Assessment of diet in chronic kidney disease female predialysis patients
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Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Warsaw, Poland
Nephrological Outpatient Clinic, Public Central Teaching Hospital (SPCSK), Warsaw, Poland
Corresponding author
Dariusz Włodarek   

Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Warsaw, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(4):829-834
Introduction and objective:
Nutrition is important in the therapy of predialysis patients. The aim of the presented single-centre descriptive study was to assess the diet in chronic kidney disease female predialysis patients with no previous dietary intervention, in comparison with recommendations, as well as the analysis of the energy, protein and phosphate intake in correlation with chosen laboratory measurements.

Material and Methods:
The research was carried out in 31 female predialysis patients with CKD of different etiology, aged 29–79 years (GFR: 19.4±9.7ml/min/1.73m2). Main outcome measures were self-reported data from three-day dietary recall. Nutrients content and energy value of diet were compared with guidelines for chronic kidney disease patients or, in case of nutrients when they are not settled, with the recommendations for healthy women.

All patients had a lower energy intake than the recommended level. At the same time, 35.8% of patients were characterised by improper protein intake – too low or too high. The majority of patients had low intake of most of vitamins and minerals. The total, animal and plant protein were positively correlated with the energy value of diet and with amount of most of the nutrients. Values of GFR were positively correlated with animal protein intake, while phosphate and creatinine in blood were negatively correlated with total and animal protein intake.

The study highlights that diet of CKD predialysis patients with no previous dietary intervention is not properly balanced.

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