RESEARCH PAPER
Thirty-four identifiable airborne fungal spores in Havana, Cuba
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Microbiology and Virology, Faculty of Biology, University of Habana, Cuba
2
Department of Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
3
Department of Plant Biology and Soil Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Vigo, Spain
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2015;22(2):215–220
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The airborne fungal spore content in Havana, Cuba, collected by means a non-viable volumetric methodology, was studied from November 2010 – October 2011. The study, from a qualitative point of view, allowed the characterization of 29 genera and 5 fungal types, described following the Saccardo´s morphotypes, as well as their morphobiometrical characteristics. In the amerospores morphotype, the conidia of 7 genera (with ascospores, basidiospores and uredospores) and 5 fungal types were included. Among phragmospores morphotype, the ascospores and conidia of 12 different genera were identified. The dictyospores morphotype only included conidial forms from 6 genera. Finally, the less frequent morphotypes were staurospores, didymospores and distosepted spores. In general, the main worldwide spread mitosporic fungi also predominated in the Havana atmosphere, accompanied by some ascospores and basidiospores. Cladosporium cladosporioides type was the most abundant with a total of 148,717 spores, followed by Leptosphaeria, Coprinus and the Aspergillus-Penicillium type spores, all of them with total values ranging from 20,591 – 16,392 spores. The higher monthly concentrations were registered in January (31,663 spores) and the lowest in December (7,314 spores). Generally, the average quantity of spores recorded during the months of the dry season (20,599 spores) was higher compared with that observed during the rainy season (17,460 spores).
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors thank the Santander-USC Program for financial assistance.
 
REFERENCES (25)
1.
Almaguer M, Rojas TI, Rodríguez-Rajo FJ, Aira MJ. Airborne fungal succession in a rice field of Cuba. Eu J Plant Pathol. 2012; 133: 473–482.
 
2.
Almaguer M, Rojas TI, Dobal V, Batista A, Aira MJ. Effect of temperature on growth and germination of conidia in Curvularia and Bipolaris species isolated from the air. Aerobiologia 2013; 29(1): 13–20.
 
3.
Borrego S, Guiamet P, Gómez de Saravia S, Batistini P, García M, Lavín P, Perdomo I. The quality of air at archives and the biodeterioration of photographs. Int Biodeter and Biodegr. 2010; 64: 139–145.
 
4.
Rojas TI, Aira MJ. Fungal biodiversity in indoor environments in Havana, Cuba. Aerobiologia. 2012; 28:367–374.
 
5.
Aira MJ, Rojas TI, Jato V. Fungi associated with three houses in Havana (Cuba). Grana 2002; 41(2): 114–118.
 
6.
Galán C, Cariñanos P, Alcázar P, Domínguez E. Manual de Calidad y Gestión de la Red Española de Aerobiología. Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Córdoba. Córdoba, Spain, 2007 (in Spanish).
 
7.
Rizzi-Longo L, Pizzulin-Sauli M, Ganis P. Seasonal occurrence of Alternaria (1993- 2004) and Epicoccum (1994–2004) spores in Trieste (NE Italy) Ann Agric Environ Med. 2009; 16(1): 63–70.
 
8.
Nikkels AH, Terstege P, Spieksma FThM. Ten types of microsopically identifiable airborne fungal spores at Leiden, The Nethertlands. Aerobiologia 1996; 12: 107–112.
 
9.
Sáenz-Laín C, Gutiérrez-Bustillo M. Esporas atmosféricas en la Comunidad de Madrid. Documentos Técnicos de Salud Pública 83, Instituto de Salud Pública, Madrid, Spain, 2003 (in Spanish).
 
10.
Saccardo PA. Sylloge Fungorum. 1886; 4:1–8.
 
11.
Kirk PM, Cannon PF, David JC, Stalpers J. Ainsworth and Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi (9th ed.). Wallingford, UKm, CAB International, 2001.
 
12.
Barnet HL, Hunter BB. Illustrated Genera of Imperfect Fungi. MacMillan Publisher Co., New York, USA, 1997.
 
13.
Quintero E, Rivera-Mariani F, Bolaños-Roseró B. Analysis of environmental factors and their effects on fungal esporas in the atmosphere of a tropical urban area (San Juan, Puerto Rico). Aerobiologia 2010; 26(2): 113–124.
 
14.
Herrera L, Carrazana D, Quiñones R. Los hongos anemófilos de la ciudad de Santa Clara, Cuba. Centro Agrícola. 2003; 3(30):78–83 (in Spanish).
 
15.
Rivera-Mariani FE, Bolaños-Roseró B. Allergenicity of airborne basidiospores and ascospores: need for further studies. Aerobiologia 2012; 28: 83–97.
 
16.
Magyar D, Frenguelli G, Bricchi E, Tedeschini E, Csontos P, Li D-W, Bobvos J. The biodiversity of air spora in an Italian vineyard. Aerobiologia 2009; 25: 99–109.
 
17.
Rojas TI, Llanes N, Benítez M, Aira MJ, Malagón, H. El género Aspergillus en la atmósfera de La Habana (Cuba). Boletín Micológico. 2007; 22: 41–46 (in Spanish).
 
18.
Rosas I, McCartney HA, Payne RW, Calderón C, Lacey J, Chapela R, Ruiz-Velasco S. Analysis of the relationships between environmental factors (aeroallergens, air pollution, and weather) and asthma emergency admissions to a hospital in México City. Allergy 1998; 53(4): 394–401.
 
19.
Chakraborty P, Gupta-Bhattacharya S, Chowdhury I, Majumdar M, Chanda S. Differences in concentrations of allergenic pollens and spores at different heights on an agricultural farm in West Bengal, India. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2001; 8(2): 123–130.
 
20.
Sánchez Reyes E. Rodríguez de la Cruz D, Sanchís Merino MA, Sánchez Sánchez J. Meteorological and agricultural effects on airborne Alternaria and Cladosporium spores and clinical aspects in Valladolid (Spain). Ann Agric Environ Med. 2009; 16(1): 53–61.
 
21.
Martínez P, Sánchez A I, Brizuela AL, Cuello S. Contaminación microbiana en pinturas murales de la Catedral de La Habana. Revista Cubana de Biología. 1987: 1(3):73–75 (in Spanish).
 
22.
Rivera-Mariani FE, Nazario-Jimenez S, López-Malpica F, Bolaños-Roseró B. Sensitization to airborne ascospores, basidiospores, and fungal fragments in allergic rhinitis and asthmatic subjects in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2011; 155(4): 322–334.
 
23.
Pyrri I, Kapsanaki-Gotsi E. A comparative study on the airborne fungi in Athens, Greece, by viable and non-viable sampling methods. Aerobiologia 2007; 23: 3–15.
 
24.
Oliveira M, Ribeiro H, Delgado JL, Abreu I. Seasonal and intradiurnal variation of allergenic fungal spores in urban and rural areas of the North of Portugal. Aerobiologia 2009; 25: 85–98.
 
25.
Afzal M, Mehdi FS. Atmospheric fungi of Karachi City, Pakistan. Pak J Biol Sci. 2002; 5(6): 707–709.
 
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966