RESEARCH PAPER
Background ionizing radiation and semen parameters of men with reproductive problems
 
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1
Diagnostic Techniques Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
2
Professor W. Orlowski Memorial Hospital, The Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland
3
Institute of Statistics and Demography, Collegium of Economic Analysis, SGH School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland
4
Chair and Department of Development in Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
5
Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Agnieszka Bień   

Chair and Department of Development in Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
 
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2020;27(1):43–48
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction and objective:
The male reproductive system constitutes a set of tissues which are particularly sensitive to external factors. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between background radioactivity and the quality of the semen of the men who have reported to the infertility treatment facility in 2000–2016 in the Lublin region of eastern Poland.

Material and methods:
The radioactivity of the ground-level air layer obtained from the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management in Włodawa in the Lublin region was analysed. 4,250 spermiograms of patients who reported to the treatment facility for the first time due to infertility were analysed and correlated to background radioactivity in the Lublin region in 2000–2016.

Results:
A long-term decrease in the percentage of morphologically normal spermatozoa of the patients was observed (r=-0.970; p<0.001 in 2000–2009 and r=-0.925; p=0.003 in 2010–2016). Men’s age correlated negatively with sperm motility (r=-0.164; p=0.009) and morphology (r=-0.186; p=0.009). The percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology was lowered by beta-isotopes of artificial origin in the air in 2000–2009 (r=-0.655; p=0.040) and by the exposure to gamma radiation of the ground-level atmosphere in 2010–2016 (r=-0.676; p=0.048). The percentage of sperm vitality was lowered by gamma radiation in the atmosphere (r=-0.636; p=0.006), but improved by beta isotopes in precipitation (r=0.686; p=0.002) in the whole of the analyzed period.

Conclusions:
The percentage of morphologically normal spermatozoa in patients who reported to the infertility treatment depends not only on the age of patient, but also on beta-isotopes of artificial origin and gamma radiation in the atmosphere. Beta isotopes in precipitation affect the improvement of sperm vitality.

 
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