0.829
IF
20
MNiSW
166.26
ICV
Online first
RESEARCH PAPER
 
CC BY-NC-ND 3.0
 
 

Adherence to physical activity guidelines and functional fitness of elderly women, using objective measurement

Agnieszka Nawrocka 1  ,  
 
1
Department of Recreation, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction and objective:
Physical activity is an important factor in maintaining the health and functional fitness of elderly people. The aim of the study was to determine the number of senior women meeting the physical activity guidelines, and their level of functional fitness in comparison to women who are not sufficiently physically active.

Material and Methods:
The study involved 61 women, aged 60–75. Physical activity was monitored on seven consecutive days of the week, using a triaxial accelerometer ActiGraph GT3X. Results of the assessment of physical activity were verified against the Global Recommendations of Physical Activity for Health. The Senior Fitness Test (Fullerton Test) was used to evaluate functional fitness.

Results:
In the studied group, 36.1% achieved the recommended level of physical activity. All those examined mainly undertook physical activity of low intensity. Vigorous physical activity during the week was noted in only 6 seniors. Women who met the recommendations of physical activity achieved significantly better results in test trials, e.g. Chair Stands, Up and Go, Six Minute Step Test.

Conclusions:
Adherence to physical activity guidelines was associated with better functional fitness of older women. However, less than half of the examined seniors met the Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health



CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Agnieszka Nawrocka   
Department of Recreation, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland
 
REFERENCES:
1. Crimmins E, Beltrán-Sánchez H. Mortality and morbidity trends: is there compression of morbidity? J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2011; 66(1): 75–86. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbq088.
2. Freeman K. U.S. lives: longer but sicker? Environ Health Perspect. 2011; 119(3): 1–2. doi: 10.1289/ehp.119-a118a.
3. Mynarski W, Rozpara M, Nawrocka A, Borek Z, Powerska A, Garbaciak W. Physical activity of middle-age adults aged 50–65 years in view of health recommendations. Eur Rev Aging Phys Act. 2014; 11; 141.
4. Cicero AF, D’Addato S, Santi F, Ferroni A, Borghi C, Brisighella Heart S. Leisure-time physical activity and cardiovascular disease mortality: the Brisighella Heart Study. J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2012; 13(9): 559–64. doi: 10.2459/JCM.0b013e3283516798.
5. Chen LJ, Fox KR, Ku PW, Sun WJ, Chou P. Prospective associations between household-, work-, and leisure-based physical activity and all-cause mortality among older taiwanese adults. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2012; 24(5): 795–805. Epub 2012/03/20. doi: 10.1177/1010539511404397.
6. Petersen CB, Gronbaek M, Helge JW, Thygesen LC, Schnohr P, Tolstrup JS. Changes in physical activity in leisure time and the risk of myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, and all-cause mortality. Eur J Epidemiol. 2012; 27(2): 91–9. doi: 10.1007/s10654–012–9656-z.
7. Rahl RL. Physical activity and health guidelines: recommendations for various ages, fitness levels, and conditions from 57 authoritative sources. Human Kinetics. 2010.
8. WHO. Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. 2011:http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241599979_eng.pdf. (Access: 20.09.2013).
9. Brovold T, Skelton DA, Sylliaas H, Mowe M, Bergland A. Association between health-related quality of life, physical fitness, and physical activity in older adults recently discharged from hospital. J Aging Phys Act. 2014; 22(3): 405–13. doi: 10.1123/JAPA.2012–0315.
10. Gouveia ER, Maia JA, Beunen GP, Blimkie CJ, Fena EM, Freitas DL. Functional fitness and physical activity of Portuguese community-residing older adults. J Aging Phys Act. 2013; 21(1): 1–19.
11. Bergier J. Aktywność fizyczna społeczeństwa – współczesny problem (przegląd badan). (Physical activity of the society – review of research). Human and Health. 2012; 6(1): 5–14 (in Polish).
12. Grimm EK, Swartz AM, Hart T, Miller NE, Strath SJ. Comparison of the IPAQ-Short Form and accelerometry predictions of physical activity in older adults. J Aging Phys Act. 2012; 20(1): 64–79. Epub 2011/12/23.
13. Tomioka K, Iwamoto J, Saeki K, Okamoto N. Reliability and validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) in elderly adults: the Fujiwara-kyo Study. J Epidemiol. 2011; 21(6): 459–65.
14. Troiano RP, Berrigan D, Dodd KW, Masse LC, Tilert T, McDowell M. Physical activity in the United States measured by accelerometer. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008; 40(1): 181–8. doi: 10.1249/mss.0b013e31815a51b3.
15. Rikli RE, Jones CJ. Senior fitness test manual. Human Kinetics Publishers. 2001;1.
16. Sun F, Norman IJ, While AE. Physical activity in older people: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13: 449–66. doi: 10.1186/1471–2458–13–449.
17. Harris TJ, Owen CG, Victor CR, Adams R, Cook DG. What factors are associated with physical activity in older people, assessed objectively by accelerometry? Br J Sports Med. 2009; 43(6): 442–50. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2008.048033.
18. Davis MG, Fox KR. Physical activity patterns assessed by accelerometry in older people. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007; 100(5): 581–9. doi: 10.1007/s00421–006–0320–8.
19. Colley RC, Garriguet D, Janssen I, Craig CL, Clarke J, Tremblay MS. Physical activity of Canadian adults: accelerometer results from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Rep. 2011; 22(1): 7–14.
20. Hurtig-Wennlof A, Hagstromer M, Olsson LA. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire modified for the elderly: aspects of validity and feasibility. Public Health Nutr. 2010; 13(11): 1847–54. doi: 10.1017/S1368980010000157.
21. Tucker JM, Welk GJ, Beyler NK. Physical activity in U.S.: adults compliance with the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Am J Prev Med. 2011; 40(4): 454–61. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2010.12.016.
22. Myck M. Aktywność fizyczna populacji 50+ w Europie. 2009 Contract No.: CenEA Research Note Series RN03pl/09.
23. Milanovic Z, Pantelic S, Trajkovic N, Sporis G, Kostic R, James N. Age-related decrease in physical activity and functional fitness among elderly men and women. Clin Interv Aging. 2013; 8: 549–56. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S44112.
24. Rowiński R, Dąbrowski A. Rekreacja fizyczna a sprawność funkcjonalna i jakość życia osób starszych. In: Mossakowska M, Więcek A, Błędowski P, editors. Aspekty medyczne, psychologiczne, socjologiczne i ekonomiczne starzenia się ludzi w Polsce. Poznań Termedia; 2012. p. 45–52 (in Polish).
25. Santos DA, Silva AM, Baptista F, Santos R, Vale S, Mota J, et al. Sedentary behavior and physical activity are independently related to functional fitness in older adults. Experimental Gerontology. 2012; 47(12): 908–12. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2012.07.011.
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966