ORIGINAL ARTICLES

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Ann Agric Environ Med 2001, 8, 241-243

ETIOLOGY OF UVEITIS IN RURAL AND URBAN AREAS OF MID-EASTERN POLAND

Barbara Biziorek1, Jerzy Mackiewicz1, Zbigniew Zagórski1,
Lesław Krwawicz2, Dariusz Haszcz1

11st Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Academy, Lublin, Poland
2District Ophthalmic Hospital, Kielce, Poland

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Biziorek B, Mackiewicz J, Zagórski Z, Krwawicz L, Haszcz D: Etiology of uveitis in rural and urban areas of mid-eastern Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med 2001, 8, 241-243.

Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the frequencies of uveitis etiology in inhabitants of rural and urban areas of mid-eastern Poland. We reviewed the cases of 563 patients (263 males, 300 females; aged 2-87) with uveitis, treated at the 1st Department of Ophthalmology at the Medical Academy in Lublin and at the District Ophthalmic Hospital in Kielce, Poland, from January 1996-December 2000. Anatomical classification of uveitis was used according to the International Uveitis Study Group and etiological classification including uveitis associated with trauma, infection, systemic disease, non-associated with a systemic disease and masquerade syndromes. Data regarding age, gender, place of residence, anatomical location and etiology of uveitis were obtained. Statistical analyses were performed using Pearson's chi-square test, Spearman's rank correlation test and logistic regression. Etiology of uveitis was established in 70.0% of cases. The most common cause of uveitis was infection. Patients from rural areas were significantly more likely to have uveitis of infectious origin whereas patients from urban areas significantly more likely to have uveitis associated with a systemic disease. In conclusion, the pattern of uveitis in mid-eastern Poland confirms the influence of environmental factors on the etiology of this heterogenous disease.

Address for correspondence: Barbara Biziorek, MD, I Klinika Okulistyki AM, ul. Chmielna 1, 20-079 Lublin, Poland. E-mail: biziorek@panaceum.am.lublin.pl

Key words:uveitis, etiology, rural population, urban population


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