ORIGINAL ARTICLES

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Ann Agric Environ Med 2006, 13, 21-23

PCR DETECTION OF GRANULOCYTIC ANAPLASMA AND BABESIA
IN IXODES RICINUS TICKS AND BIRDS IN WEST-CENTRAL POLAND

Bogumila Skotarczak, Anna Rymaszewska, Beata Wodecka, Marek Sawczuk,
Malgorzata Adamska, Agnieszka Maciejewska

Department of Genetics, Szczecin University, Szczecin, Poland

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Skotarczak B, Rymaszewska A, Wodecka B, Sawczuk M, Adamska M, Maciejewska A: PCR detection of granulocytic Anaplasma and Babesia in Ixodes ricinus ticks and birds in west-central Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med 2006, 13, 21-23.

Abstract: The aim of the study was to establish the role of forest birds as reservoirs of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia spp. in Wielkopolski National Park. A total of 108 birds from 9 species were collected between May–September 2002. Blood samples were taken from 84 specimens and 442 individuals of the common tick, Ixodes ricinus, were collected from the birds. The 73 additional ticks were collected from vegetation. PCR amplification of a fragment of the epank 1 gene and 18S rRNA gene was used for detection of A. phagocytophilum and Babesia spp. DNA, respectively. Pathogen DNA was not detected in any of the blood samples or ticks collected from birds. On the other hand, 3 ticks collected from vegetation (4.1% of all examined specimens) were positive for A. phagocytophilum DNA. In spite of the high level of infestation of birds by I. ricinus, it is clear that they do not constitute a competent reservoir of A. phagocytophilum and Babesia in WNP. Additionally, I. ricinus is not a significant vector in this area.

Address for correspondence: Prof. Bogumila Skotarczak, Szczecin University, Faculty of Biology, Departament of Genetics, Al. Piastow 40B, 71-065 Szczecin, Poland. E-mail: Bogumila_Skotarczak@sus.univ.szczecin.pl

Key words: Anaplasma and Babesia in birds, Anaplasma and Babesia in ticks, PCR.


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