REVIEW ARTICLES

AAEM

Ann Agric Environ Med 2006, 13, 1-12

AGRICULTURAL HEALTH IN THE GAMBIA I:
AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES AND DEVELOPMENTS

Rex Kuye1, Kelley Donham1, Shannon Marquez1, Wayne Sanderson1, Laurence Fuortes1,
Risto Rautiainen1, Martin Jones1, Kennith Culp2

1Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, College of Public Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA
2Department of Adult and Gerontological Nursing, College of Nursing, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA

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Kuye R, Donham K, Marquez S, Sanderson W, Fuortes L, Rautiainen R, Jones M, Culp K: Agricultural health in the Gambia I: agricultural practices and developments. Ann Agric Environ Med 2006, 13, 1-12.

Abstract: This manuscript reports results of our study to characterize the historical developments of agricultural practices in The Gambia and related health risks of farm workers. It surveys the various factors that shape production agriculture in the country and examines the degrees to which hand tools, animal traction, motorized traction and manual labour all contribute to the inherent hazards of farm work. The principal objective of this study is to lay the ground work for detailed research of occupational health hazards in Gambian agriculture; and development of policies and programmes to promote the health of Gambian farmers. The authors of this paper assume the belief that one must first understand the industry and its people before effective policies and programmes can be developed. The study concludes by highlighting the need for the integration of epidemiological investigations in the country’s agricultural research programme.

Address for correspondence: Dr. Kelley Donham, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Institute for Rural Environmental Health, 100 Oakdale Campus, 134 IREH, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.
E-mail: kelley-donham@uiowa.edu

Key words: agriculture, agricultural practices, farm labor, health and safety, The Gambia.


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