REVIEW ARTICLES

AAEM

Ann Agric Environ Med 2004, 11, 181-184

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AS A TOOL FOR MONITORING
AND ANALYSING PESTICIDE POLLUTION AND
ITS IMPACT ON PUBLIC HEALTH

Iwona A. Kaminska1, Anna Oldak2, Waldemar A. Turski1

1Department of Toxicology, Institute of Agricultural Medicine, Lublin, Poland
2Earth Satellite Corporation, Environmental and GIS Services, Rockville, MD, USA

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Kaminska IA, Oldak A, Turski WA: Geographical Information System (GIS) as a tool for monitoring and analysing pesticide pollution and its impact on public health.. Ann Agric Environ Med 2004, 11, 181-184.

Abstract: Geographical Information System (GIS) combines information from cartography sources (i.e. maps), earthbound surveys, remote sensing (i.e. aerial and satellite imagery) and creates overlapping layers that can be accessed, transformed, and manipulated interactively in one spatial structure. Thanks to the great flexibility of GIS, its possible applications are countless. For example, dynamic databases created by GIS can manage information from various sources and make spatial correlations with epidemiological data about temporal distribution of environmentally-related diseases. GIS has also been increasingly used to monitor, analyse and model pesticide migration in the environment. GIS analysis has proved to be a valuable tool in environmental and public health studies yielding important results that may ultimately help prevent excessive or uncontrolled exposure to xenobiotics, including pesticides. Despite its obvious advantages GIS technology is still not commonly used for such studies, particularly in the developing countries where the knowledge about GIS technology and its accessibility is limited. The presented review briefly explains the basic features of GIS and discusses exemplary studies where this technology has been successfully used for monitoring and analysing pesticide pollution and its impact on public health.

Address for correspondence: Prof. Waldemar A. Turski, Department of Toxicology, Institute of Agricultural Medicine, Jaczewskiego 2, 20-950 Lublin.
E-mail: turskiwa@asklepios.am.lublin.pl

Key words: Geographical Information System, pesticide, drinking water, public health


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