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Ann Agric Environ Med 2003, 10, 117-120

SEROLOGICAL SCREENING OF OCCURRENCE OF ANTIBODIES TO
ENCEPHALITOZOON CUNICULI IN HUMANS AND ANIMALS IN EASTERN
SLOVAKIA

Monika Halanova1, Lydia Cislakova1, Alexandra Valencakova2, Pavol Balent2, Jozef Adam3,
Milan Travnicek2

1Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Safarik University, Kosice, Slovak Republic
2University of Veterinary Medicine, Kosice, Slovak Republic
3II. Clinic of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Kosice, Slovak Republic

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Halanova M, Cislakova L, Valencakova A, Balent P, Adam J, Travnicek M: Serological screening of occurrence of antibodies to Encephalitozoon cuniculi in humans and animals in Eastern Slovakia. Ann Agric Environ Med 2003, 10, 117-120.

Abstract: Encephalitozoon cuniculi is one of the mamalian microsporidian pathogens that can affect a number of different species of animals as well as humans. The presence of specific serum antibodies to Encephalitozoon cuniculi was studied in a group of animals and humans from Eastern Slovakia by the indirect immunofluorescence of antibodies (IFA). 456 people, 571 rabbits, 457 mice, 193 dogs, 72 cats, and 59 sheep were examined. Specific anti-E. cuniculi antibodies were found in 26 out of 456 human sera examined (5.7%). The highest occurrence of antimicrosporidial antibodies was found in the group of immunodeficiency patients - 37.5%. In the group of animals, the highest positivity was observed in rabbits - 41.7%, and in dogs - 37.8. The relative high prevalence, especially in rabbits and dogs as potential sources of microsporidial infection for humans, indicates the importance of performing the screening examinations in animals with aim of reducing or halting the spread of this disease.

Address for correspondence: Dr. Monika Halanova, PhD, Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Safarik University, Srobarova 2, 041 80 Kosice, Slovak Republic. E-mail: monickah@pobox.sk

Key words: Microsporidia, Encephalitozoon cuniculi, human and animal infection, IFA.


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