Ten-year secular trend of overweight and obesity in school children in south-eastern Poland
More details
Hide details
Medical Faculty, University of Rzeszow, Poland
Institute of Statistics, Department of Instrumental Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA
Department of Clinical Endoscopy, Institute of Rural Health, Lublin, Poland
Department of Paediatrics, Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21(3):634–638
Objective. To examine the trend in prevalence of overweight and obesity in schoolchildren from south-eastern Poland over a 10-year period. Materials and Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted in randomly selected primary schools. In total, 4,248 children (2,182 boys and 2,066 girls), mean age 10.5±2.4 years, were examined in 1998, and 2,412 children (1,184 boys and 1,228 girls), mean age 10.5±2.3 years in 2008. In each school the entire population was studied. Results. In 2008, the prevalence of overweight in girls was 13.3% and obesity 7.7%, compared to 12.0% and 10.1% in 1998. The decrease in obesity prevalence was statistically significant. In boys, the prevalence of overweight in 2008 was 14.2% and obesity 6.4%, compared to 10.5% and 6.8% in 1998. The increase in overweight prevalence among boys was statistically significant. Conclusions. A trend toward stabilization of the prevalence of overweight and obesity was noted in school children from south-eastern Poland between 1998–2008. The declining prevalence of obesity in girls and increased prevalence of overweight in boys demonstrates that in this age group of children the secular trend is gender dependent.
Wang Y, Beydoun MA. The obesity epidemic in the United States-gender, age, socioeconomic, racial/ethnic, and geographic characteristics: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Epidemiol Rev. 2007; 29: 6–28.
Lobstein T, Jackson-Leach R. Estimated burden of paediatric obesity and comorbidities in Europe. Part 2. Numbers of children with indicators of obesity-related disease. Int J Pediatr. 2006; 1: 33–41.
Magarey AM, Daniels LA, Boulton TJ, et al. Predicting obesity in early adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. Int J Obes. 2003; 27: 505–513.
Ebbeling CB, Pawlak DB, Ludwig DS. Childhood obesity: Public-health crisis, common sense cure. Lancet 2002; 360: 473–482.
Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Flegal KM. High body mass 278 index for age among US children and adolescents, 2003–2006. JAMA. 2008; 299: 2401–2405.
Mészáros Z, Mészáros J, Völgyi E, et al. Body Mass and Body Fat in Hungarian Schoolboys: Differences between 1980–2005. J Physiol Anthropol. 2008: 27: 241–245.
Chen AY, Escarce JJ. Family structure and childhood obesity, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Kindergarten Cohort. Prev Chronic Dis. 2010;7: 50–58.
Chinn S, Rona RJ. Prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity in three cross sectional studies of British Children 1974–94. BMJ. 2001; 322: 24–26.
Lobstein T, Frelut ML. Prevalence of overweight among children in Europe. Obes Rev. 2003; 4: 195–200.
Sjoberg A, Lissner L, Albertsson-Wikland K, et al. Recent anthropometric trends among Swedish school children: evidence for decreasing prevalence of overweight in girls. Acta Paediatr. 2008; 97: 118–123.
Sundblom E, Petzold M, Rasmussen F, et al. Childhood overweight and obesity prevalence leveling off in Stockholm but socioeconomic differences persist. Int J Obes. 2008; 32: 1525–1530.
Aeberli I, Amman RS, Knabenhans M, et al. The national prevalence of overweight in school-age children in Switzerland has decreased between 2002 and 2007. Int J Obes. 2008; 32: 214.
Salanve B, Peneuau S, Rolland-Cachera MF, et al. Stabilization of overweight prevalence in French children between 2000 and 2007. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2009; 4: 66–72.
Blaha P, Vignerova J, Kobzova J, et al. 6thNation-wide Anthropological Survey of Children and Adolescents 2001.Ceskoslovenska Pediatrie 2003;12: 766–770.
Zellner K, Ulbricht G, Kromaeyer-Hauschild K. Long-term trends in BMI in Jena children. Econ Hum Biol. 2007; 5: 426–434.
Jodkowska M, Oblacinska A, Tabak I. Overweight and obesity among adolescents in Poland: gender and regional differences. Public Health Nutr. 2010; 13: 1688–1692.
Malecka-Tendera E, Klimek K, Matusik P, et al. Obesity and Overweight Prevalence in Polish 7- to 9-Year-Old Children Obes Res. 2005; 13: 964–968.
Mazur A, Klimek K, Telega G, et al. Risk factors for obesity development in school children from south-eastern Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2008; 15: 281–285.
Cole TJ, Flegal KM, Nicholls D, et al. Body mass index cut offs to define thinness in children and adolescents: international survey. BMJ 2007; 28(335): 194–201.
Chap TL, Boen JR. Health and numbers. Basic biostatistical methods. Wiley-Liss, New York 1995; 18–22: 118–120.
Chen AY, Escarce JJ. Family structure and childhood obesity, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Kindergarten Cohort. Prev Chronic Dis. 2010; 7: 50–58.
Mitchell RT, McDougall CM, Crum JE. Decreasing prevalence of obesity in primary schoolchildren. Arch Dis Child. 2007; 92: 153–154.
Lioret S, Maire B, Volatier JL, et al. Child overweight in France and its relationship with physical activity, sedentary behaviour and socioeconomic status. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007; 61: 509–516.
Shrewsbury V, Wardle J. Socioeconomic status and adiposity in childhood: a systematic review of cross-sectional studies 1990–2005. Obesity 2008; 16: 275–284.
National program for the prevention of overweight and obesity and chronic noninfectious diseases through improved nutrition and physical activity for 2007–2011. Polish Ministry of Health, 2007.