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RESEARCH PAPER
 
 

Seroprevalence of Lyme disease and genospecies of [i]Borrelia burgdorferi[/i] sensu lato in patients diagnosed with borreliosis in the Province of Warmia-Masuria in north-eastern Poland

Ewa Dzika 1,  
 
1
Department of Medical Biology, University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
2
Provincial Sanitary-Epidemiological Station, Olsztyn, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 2012;19(2):203–207
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Between 2009-2010, a group of 259 patients suspected of contracting Lyme disease were examined in the Provincial Sanitary-Epidemiological Station in Olsztyn for the presence of IgM and IgG against specific [i]Borrelia burgdorferi[/i] sensu lato (s.l.) genospecies antigens by immunoblot. A total of 27.4% and 29.0% of the blood serum samples showed positive and uncertain results for IgM and IgG antibodies. The majority of positive and uncertain results were found in patients aged 30-40 years (30%) for IgM, and people aged 50 and over (35.8%) for IgG. Significantly more positive results for IgG were found in males (40.2%) then females (19.7%). In both groups, similar proportions of positive results for IgM anti-Borrelia were recorded (26.1% of females and 29% of males. In 71.5% of patients, IgM against flagellin protein (p41) of [i]B. burgdorferi[/i] sensu stricto (s.s.) was found. For IgG, the most frequently detected antibodies were found against the p41 protein of [i]B. burgdorferi[/i] s.s. (64.8%) and the recombinant variable surface antigens (VlsE) (49%). Among all the analysed antigens those of [i]B. burgdorferi[/i] s.s. were the most frequent cause of immunological reaction, followed by antigens of [i]B. afzelii[/i] and [i]B. garinii[/i]. Reaction to antigens of B. spielmanii was rarely detected.
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966