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RESEARCH PAPER
 
 

Sanitization efficacy of anaerobic digestion and aeration of slurry from the aspect of limiting emission of [i]Salmonella[/i] into the environment

 
1
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz, Poland
2
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Collegium Medicum of L. Rydygier in Bydgoszcz, Poland;Department of Chemistry and Fuels Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, Wrocław University of Technology, Poland
3
Department of Animal Hygiene and Microbiology of the Environment, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland
4
Department of Chemistry and Fuels Technology, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Technology, Wrocław, Poland
5
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 2012;19(3):427–430
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
The aim of this study was to estimate the usefulness of mesophilic anaerobic digestion and aeration for sanitization of slurry from the aspect of limiting transmission of [i]Salmonella[/i] into the environment. Material for the study was fresh pig slurry. Collected samples were subjected to anaerobic digestion at 35°C and aeration with an initial temperature of 35°C. The efficacy of both methods was examined based on determination of the elimination rate and theoretical time of survival of [i]Salmonella[/i] Senftenberg W[sub]775[/sub], [i]Salmonella[/i] Enteritidis and [i]Salmonella[/i] Typhimurium introduced into slurry in carriers of type Filter-Sandwich. Samples for the study were collected every 24 hours and the number of bacilli was determined with the MPN (Most Probably Number) method. The study indicated that fermentation is a more effective method for slurry sanitization. A higher rate of elimination and shorter time of survival of all the tested bacteria was observed, compared with the use of aeration. The experiment allowed us to prove the high sanitization efficacy of both examined methods. They ensure the full elimination of the tested serotypes of [i]Salmonella[/i] in only slightly more than 10 days. The use of fermentation or aeration as a way of slurry treatment for agricultural purposes makes it possible to obtain a fertilizer which is valuable and safe for humans and the environment.
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eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966