Retrospective study of injury rates among children and adults in the Lublin Region of Poland

Marcin Rząca 1,  
Chair of Oncology and Environmental Health, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences and Physical Culture, Kazimierz Pulaski University of Technology and Humanities, Radom, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med 2016;23(2):297–303
In Poland and worldwide, injury rates, as well as accident rates among children and adolescents still remain a social, health and economic problem, despite an attempt to inhibit the growing tendency of this phenomenon.

An attempt to evaluate current trends in injury rates among children and adolescents based on the example of two provinces in the Lublin Region of Poland during the period 2006–2010.

Material and Methods:
The retrospective study was conducted by the method of examination of documents, using the technique of content analysis. The research material was data from the Emergency Procedures Charts and Medical Emergency Team Response Charts, while the study group were children and adolescents aged from 6 weeks – 19 years, from the counties of Kraśnik and Świdnik in the Lublin Region.

Analysis of the research material showed that during the period examined the number of injuries and accidents in the study group remained on a constant level, with a slight decrease in the number of events at home, accompanied by an increase in the number of road accidents and events which occurred in the school environment and in a public place. It was also found that the spring-autumn season, and in particular the summer months, the age group 7–13 and male gender exerted an effect on the number of injuries and accidents. The analysis did not confirm that injuries related with employment of children and adolescents in agriculture and deaths due to external causes constituted a considerable percentage of the events registered.

Analysis of trends should be a basis for the planning of prophylactic actions and the promotion of safety in all environments in which the study population functions.

Renata Domżał-Drzewicka   
Chair of Oncology and Environmental Health, Medical University, Lublin, Poland
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