Prevalence of cigarette smoking among adult population in eastern Poland.

Lech Panasiuk 1,  
Department for Post-Graduate Education, Institute of Agricultural Medicine, Lublin, Poland. dzialksztalcenia@interia.pl
Ann Agric Environ Med 2010;17(1):133–138
Cigarette smoking is the strongest modifiable factor, which shortens the life span and deteriorates the quality of life. It increases the risk of development of cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory system diseases. The objective of the study was evaluation of the prevalence of cigarette smoking among the adult population of the Lublin Region, and investigation of the relationship between nicotinism and respondents? place of residence, and other selected socio-economic factors. Data concerning the cigarette smoking habit was obtained from 3,993 people - 2,447 females and 1,546 males; 23.0 percent of respondents in the study were smokers - 35.6 percent of males and 15.1 percent of females. The percentage of male smokers was similar in rural and urban areas. Urban females were smokers more often than those living in rural areas. A decrease was noted in the difference which has been observed to-date between the percentage of urban and rural female smokers. The highest percentage of smokers occurred among the population aged 41-50, while the lowest - among the youngest and the oldest respondents. The percentage of smoking farmers was lower than that of respondents performing non-agricultural occupations, also among rural inhabitants. Those who were occupationally active were smokers more frequently than those not engaged in occupational activity. The lowest percentage of smokers was noted among respondents who had the highest education level, while the highest percentage was observed among those who had vocational education.