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RESEARCH PAPER
 
 

Prevalence of antibodies to Coxiella burnetii among farming population in easternPoland.

 
1
Department of Occupational Biohazards, Institute of Agricultural Medicine, Jaczewskiego2, 20-090 Lublin, Poland. ewac@galen.imw.lublin.pl
Ann Agric Environ Med 2003;10(2):265–267
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ABSTRACT:
The presence of blood serum antibodies to Coxiella burnetii phase I antigen,indicative of chronic Q fever or convalescence, was found by indirect immuno-fluorescent test in 16 outof 90 examined farmers (17.8 %) living in the Lublin region (eastern Poland) and in none of 30 examinedurban blood donors living in the city of Lublin (p < 0.05). In both groups no antibodies to C. burnetiiphase II antigen, indicative of acute Q fever, were detected. The frequency of antibodies among farmerswas greater in females than in males (26.1 % versus 9.1 %, p < 0.05) and was significantly dependenton age ( xi(2) = 146.42, p < 0.000001) being greatest in the subgroup of farmers aged 41-55 (38.5 %)while no positive reactions were found in young and elderly farmers (respectively, equal to or below25 and above 56 years). The results suggest that the examined agricultural region could be in the pastan epidemic area of Q fever, probably before 15-30 years.
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eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966