REVIEW PAPER
Preliminary information on prevention of infections caused by SARS-COV-2 virus in endoscopic laboratories
Jolanta Gruszecka 1, 2  
,  
 
 
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1
Medical College of the University Institute of Health Sciences, Rzeszów, Poland
2
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Hospital No. 2 im. Św. Jadwigi Królowej, Rzeszów, Poland
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszów, Poland
4
Department of Gastroenterology with IBD Unit of Clinical Hospital No. 2 im. Św. Jadwigi Królowej, Rzeszów, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Jolanta Gruszecka   

Medical College of Rzeszow University Institute of Health Sciences, ul. Warzywna 1a, 35-310, Rzeszów, Poland
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
On 11 March 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) announced COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) as a global pandemic Currently, no vaccines are available and there is little evidence of the efficacy of potential therapeutic agents. Furthermore, there is presumably no pre-existing immunity in the population to the new coronavirus, and it is as-sumed that everyone in the population is susceptible.

Objective:
The aim of the procedures described in the article is to minimize the risk of human-to-human transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome – coronavirus 2) virus during procedures carried out in endoscopic laboratories.

Brief description of the state of the art:
SARS-CoV-2 infection can be asymptomatic, cause severe pneumonia, or lead to death. Symptoms of COVID-19 range from none (asymptomatic) to severe pneumonia and it can be fatal. Case studies to-date indicate that this infection causes a mild illness (i.e. pneumonia or mild pneumonia) in approximately 80% of cases, and most cases recove; 14% have a more severe illness, 6% experience a critical illness. The vast majority of the most serious illnesses and deaths have occurred among the elderly and people with other chronic underlying diseases. Average progression times include: • in mild cases: from the onset of symptoms to recovery in almost 2 weeks; • in severe cases: from the onset of symptoms to recovery in 3–6 weeks, and from symptoms to death in 2–8 weeks.

Conclusions:
Special precautions should be taken and procedures followed when performing invasive medical procedures in endoscopic laboratories in patients with specific or clinically probable SARS-CoV-2 infection. This article contains up-to-date information as at 04/04/2020.

 
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