Introduction and objective:
Organized physical activity (OPA) is an important part of adolescents’ physical activity (PA). The aim of the study is to determine differences between secondary school students and sports science students at the university participation in OPA, and to recommend a strategy to increase the active participation of adolescents in OP, and improve the education of sports specialists.

Material and methods:
The study was carried out continuously during 2010–2020 at 71 secondary schools in the Silesian region and at the Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland. A total of 3,510 students participated in the study (2,199 secondary school students and 1,311 sports science students). To determine participation in OPA, the Physical Activity Preference Questionnaire was used, and to determine the level of weekly PA, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used.

The largest representation in the OPA was in school (21.1%) and university (30.7%) boys in soccer, and in school (13.7%) and university (33.4%) girls in volleyball. Schoolboys participating in OPA ≥5 lessons had statistically significantly more school PA, recreation PA, vigorous and total PA than boys not participating in OPA. University boys and girls were alike in vigorous PA. School (3.35 times) and university (1.73 times) boys and school (3.93 times) and university (5.08 times) girls were more likely to meet the PA recommendations.

Active participation in the OPA of school and university boys and girls is significantly associated with a higher level of weekly PA, and likelihood to meet the PA recommendations. The greatest attention should focused on promotion of the participation in OPA in non-participating school boys and girls, as well as non-participating students at universities, as part of their professional training.

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