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RESEARCH PAPER
 
 

Measuring physical activity during pregnancy – cultural adaptation of the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) and the assessment of its reliability in Polish conditions

 
1
Department of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin, Poland
2
Infrastructure and Management College in Warsaw
3
Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction and objective. The assessment of physical activity during pregnancy is crucial in perinatal care and it is an important research topic. Unfortunately there is a lack of one commonly accepted questionnaire of physical activity during pregnancy in Poland. The aim of this study was to adapt PPAQ to Polish conditions and assess the reliability of its Polish version (PPAQ-PL). Materials and methods. The Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) was translated from English into Polish and its reliability was tested. 64 correctly completed (twice, one week apart) questionnaires were qualified for analysis. Test-retest reliability was assessed using Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). Results. As a result of adaptation and psychometric assessment, in the Polish version of questionnaire the number of questions was reduced from 36 to 35 by removing the question concerning “mowing lawn while on a riding mower”. The ICC value for total activity was 0.75, which confirms a substantial level of reliability. The ICC values for subscales of intensity ranged from 0.53 (for light) to 0.86 (for vigorous). For subscales of type, ICC values ranged from 0.59 (for transportation) to 0.89 (for household/caregiving). Conclusions. The PPAQ-PL can be accepted as a reliable tool for assessing physical activity of pregnant women in Poland. Information obtained using the questionnaire might be helpful in monitoring health behaviors, preventing obesity, as well as designing and promoting physical activity programs for pregnant women.
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966