Hospitalization of injured immigrants in Poland – Demographic profile and diagnosis
More details
Hide details
Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Department – Centre for Monitoring and Analysis of Population Health Status and Health Care System, National Institute of Public Health – National Institute of Hygiene, Warsaw, Poland
Dorota Cianciara   

Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Ann Agric Environ Med. 2016;23(3):468–471
Introduction and objective:
More and more immigrants gradually come to Poland. Little is known, however, about their health situation or their injuries. The objective of this study was to analyse the cases of hospitalization of immigrants due to injuries in 2008–2010, including the number and demographic characteristics of the patients, as well as the nature of injury according to ICD-10 (S00-T98).

Material and Methods:
The analysis was conducted on the basis of data from the General Hospital Morbidity Study. All the cases of hospitalization due to injuries were covered by the analysis, and a group of foreigners was compared to the general population.

The number of foreigners hospitalized due to injuries ranged from 4.6–21.2 thousand in the subsequent years. The share of hospitalization due to injuries equalled 8.2–11.9% of all foreigners’ hospital stay. The majority were males, but the proportion of females gradually increased up to 36.7% in 2010. The average age of the hospitalized gradually decreased to the age of 35.2 in 2010. The structure of the nature of injury was different from that of the general population. Prevailing types of injuries were minor injuries of wrist, hand, ankle and foot. Open wounds of the head were also common.

Results of the analysis indicate the most important tendencies related to immigrants’ injuries. Further research, as well as monitoring the foreigners’ health status is necessary. Taking preventive measures is essential among the most vulnerable group – male immigrants aged 15–19.

International Organization for Migration. World Migration Report 2010. Geneva, IOM 2010: xix.
Urząd do Spraw Cudzoziemców. Statystyki. Dane do ściągnięcia. Dane liczbowe dotyczące postępowań prowadzonych wobec cudzoziemców w 2011 r. (wersja polska) -.xls. (access: 2013.02.21).
Urząd do Spraw Cudzoziemców. Bądź legalnie. Statystyki. (access: 2013.02.21).
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. International migration policies and data. Key information on migration policy and migration statistics by country. Poland. OECD. (access: 2013.02.21).
World Health Organization, IOM International Organization for Migration. Health of Migrants – the way forward. Report of a global consultation; March 3–5 2010; Madrid, Spain; Geneva, WHO 2010: 28–42. (access: 2013.02.21).
Schenker MB. Work-related injuries among immigrants: a growing global health disparity. Occup Environ Med. 2008; 65 (11): 717–718.
Schenker MB. A global perspective of migration and occupational health. Am J Ind Med. 2010; 53(4): 329–337.
Orrenius PM, Zavodny M. Do Immigrants Work In Riskier Jobs? Demography. 2009; 46(3): 535–551.
Siqueira EC, Jansen T. Working Conditions of Brazilian Immigrants in Massachusetts. J Immigr Minor Health. 2012; 14(3): 481–488.
Kosny AA. Lifshen ME. A national scan of employment standards, occupational health and safety and workers’ compensation resources for new immigrants to Canada. Can J Public Health. 2012; 103(1): 53–58.
Salminen S. Are immigrants at increased risk of occupational injury? A literature review. The Ergonomics Open Journal. 201; 4: 125–130. (access: 2013.02.21).
Cianciara D, Goryński P. Hospitalizacja migrantów w Polsce. Probl Hig Epidemiol. 2011; 92(3): 497–503.
Nogalski A, Lübek T, Sompor J, Karski J. Agriculture and forestry work-related injuries among farmers admitted to an emergency department. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2007; 14(2): 253–258.
Baglio G, Sanders C, Spinelli A, Osborn J. Utilisation of hospital services in Italy: a comparative analysis of immigrant and Italian citizens. J Immigr Minor Health. 2010; 12(4): 598–609.
Agudelo-Suárez AA, Ronda-Pérez E, Benavidse FG. Occupational health. In: Rechel B, Mladovsky P, Devillé W, Rijks B, Petrova-Benedict R, McKee M. Migration and health in the European Union. WHO, European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, 2011.p. 155–168.
Razum O, Zeeb H, Meesmann U, Schenk L, Bredehorst M, Brzoska P, Dercks T, Glodny S, Menkhaus B, Salman R, Saß AC, Ulrich R. Migration und Gesundheit. Berlin, Robert Koch-Institut,2008.p.47. (access: 2013.02.21).
López-Jacob MJ, Ahonen E, García AM, Gil A, Benavides FG. Occupational injury in foreign workers by economic activity and autonomous community (Spain 2005) Rev Esp Salud Publica. 2008; 82(2): 179–187.
Ahonen EQ, Benavides FG. Risk of fatal and non-fatal occupational injury in foreign workers in Spain. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006; 60(5): 424–426.
Pransky G, Moshenberg D, Benjamin K, Portillo S, Thackrey JL, Hill-Fotouhi, C. Occupational risks and injuries in non-agricultural immigrant Latino workers. Am J Ind Med. 2002; 42 (2): 117–123.
Grzywacz JG, Quandt SA, Marín A, Summers P, Lang W, Mills T, Evia C, Rushing J, Donadio K, Arcury TA. Occupational injury and work organization among immigrant Latino residential construction workers. Am J Ind Med. 2012; 55(8): 698–706.
Smith PM, Mustard C. Comparing the risk of work-related injuries between immigrants to Canada, and Canadian-born labour market participants. Occup Environ Med 2009; 66(6): 361–367.
Central Statistical Office. Accidents at work and work-related health problems. Warszawa, GUS, 2008. p.134–138. (access: 2013.02.21).
Agudelo-Suárez AA, Ronda-Pérez E, Gil-González D, Vives-Cases C, García AM, García-Benavides F, Ruiz-Frutos C, López-Jacob MJ, Porthé V, Sousa E; por el proyecto ITSAL. The migratory process, working conditions and health in immigrant Workers in Spain (the ITSAL Project). Gac Sanit. 2009; 23(suppl 1): 115–121.
Myers JR. Injuries among farm workers in the United States, 1993. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. April 1997.p.98–102. (access: 2013.02.21).
Emet M, Beyhun NE, Koan Z, Aslan S, Uzkeser M, Cakir ZG. Animal-related injuries: epidemiological and meteorological features. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2009; 16(1); 87–92.
Akdur O, Ozkan S, Durukan P, Avsarogullari L, Koyuncu M, Ikizceli I. Machine-related farm injuries in Turkey. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2010; 17(1): 59–63.