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RESEARCH PAPER
 
 

Free chlorine loss during spraying of membraneless acidic electrolyzed water and its antimicrobial effect on airborne bacteria from poultry house

Yang Zhao 1,  
Hongwei Xin 1,  
Deiling Zhao 2,  
Weichao Zheng 3,  
Wei Tian 4,  
He Ma 5,  
Kai Liu 1,  
Hui Hu 4,  
Tong Wang 6,  
 
1
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, USA
2
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, USA, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing Institute of Industry Technology, China
3
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, USA, College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, China
4
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Iowa State University, USA
5
Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, USA, College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, China
6
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State University, USA
Ann Agric Environ Med 2014;21(2):249–255
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
introduction. Spray-application of membraneless acidic electrolyzed water (MLAEW) is a novel technique for disinfection in livestock houses. This study investigated the loss of free chlorine (FC – the major germicidal component in MLAEW) over distance during spraying, as affected by air temperature and initial FC concentration. The anti-microbial effect of MLAEW on airborne bacteria from an aviary laying-hen house was examined. materials and methods. MLAEW was prepared at two FC concentrations: app. 15 and 60 mg L -1 , and sprayed at three air temperatures (18, 25, 32 °C). The original MLAEW solution and MLAEW aerosols collected at 0, 25, and 50 cm from the spray nozzle were analyzed for FC concentrations. Bacteria were immersed into these MLAEW samples and numerated for viable count after 0.5, 2 and 5-min treatments. results. MLAEW aerosols collected at 0 cm lost 11.7–13.2% FC, compared with the original MLAEW solution. This initial loss was affected neither by the initial FC concentration (P = 0.13) nor by air temperature (P = 0.57). The rate of FC loss during travelling was 0.79–0.87 % per cm of aerosol travel distance (% cm -1 ) at 18 °C, 1.08–1.15 % cm -1 at 25 °C, and 1.35–1.49% cm -1 at 32 °C. This travelling loss was affected by air temperature (P = 0.02), but not by initial FC concentration (P = 0.38). Bacteria were completely inactivated at 0.5 min when treated with MLAEW samples with FC > 16.8 mg L -1 , in 2 min when FC > 13.8 mg L -1 , and in 5 min when FC > 7.2 mg L -1 . conclusion. Airborne bacteria from aviary hen house can be effectively inactivated by MLAEW with adequate FC concentration and contact time. During spraying, the anti-microbial efficacy of MLAEW aerosols decreased over distance due to FC loss which exacerbated at higher air temperatures.
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966