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RESEARCH PAPER
 
 

Epidemiology of dizziness in northern Poland. The first Polish neurootologic survey of the general population

 
1
Family Health Centre “Salus”, Bytów, Poland
2
Medical University of Gdańsk, Department of Otolaryngology, Gdańsk, Poland
3
Medical University of Gdańsk, Department of Family Medicine, Gdańsk, Poland
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
[b][/b]Introduction. Dizziness is a common complaint among patients seen by primary care physi-cians, neurologist and otolaryngologist. It presents difficult clinical and diagnostic problems. Objectives. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and incidence of diz-ziness in the general population of the town and district Bytów (northern Poland) and to de-scribe its clinical characteristics. Material and methods. The epidemiological questionnaires were completed by 4799 inhabit-ants of the town and district of Bytów. All participants were randomly selected from the pa-tients list of the Family Health Centre “Salus” in Bytów. The main variables studied were sex, age, school education, work situation, clinical characteristics of dizziness symptoms and cir-cumstances provoking dizziness. Results. Prevalence of dizziness was diagnosed among 16.4% inhabitants of the town and district Bytów. Symptoms of dizziness appear more often among elderly and among women. Among young people the condition shows as vertigo or presyncope, among people who are 50 years old (or older) the condition shows as disequilibrium. The most common precipitant of dizziness is postural change. Dizziness is more likely to occur among those suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes, increased blood lipids, hypothyroidism, cardiac arrhythmia, de-pression. Dizziness is more likely to occur among women using OCS or HRT and individuals who take anti-epileptic drugs. Conclusion. The authors present the first Polish neurootologic survey of the general popula-tion on epidemiology of dizziness. This condition is common in the general population. Our study has indicated its prevalence in 16.4% inhabitants of the town and district of Bytów. It is recommendable to carry out epidemiological studies.
eISSN:1898-2263
ISSN:1232-1966